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Registration of a company branch

Often, foreign organizations need to have their own structural unit in the Republic of Belarus, which raises the question: «How to register a foreign branch?».

Such a need is associated with various reasons, for example, with the fact that many Belarusian organizations are not ready to directly purchase goods from a foreign company, since in accordance with the regulations of the Eurasian Economic Union, the obligation to pay VAT lies with the buyer. Also, when expanding business and entering the Belarusian market, it may be necessary to study demand, consumer needs and solve related issues on an ongoing basis directly on the territory of the Republic of Belarus.

However, the legislation of the Republic of Belarus does not allow the registration of a branch for a foreign organization. Such a procedure is possible only with respect to legal entities established on the territory of our state.

Ways to register a company

To carry out activities in the Republic of Belarus, the optimal options will be:

  • registration of a representative office of a foreign organization;
  • registration of a separate company, where the founder or one of the founders will be a foreign organization;
  • work as a permanent representative office for tax purposes.

Each of these types of activities has its own registration procedure or tax registration under the operation of a permanent representative office, as well as other features of registration, further work and directly its legal aspects of the status.

For example, a representative office is not a legal entity, and therefore cannot carry out commercial activities.

Registration of a representative office of a foreign organization may be carried out only for certain purposes of an auxiliary and preparatory nature, in particular, market research, opportunities, conducting socially useful activities and others.

In addition, the state fee for registration of a representative office of a foreign company is significantly higher than for the other above-mentioned activities, and amounts to 65 basic units for each year of operation of the representative office.

Registration of a legal entity, where the founder or one of them is another foreign company, is the most popular and often the best option for organizations.

Such a legal entity will be able to fully carry out its commercial activities on the territory of the Republic of Belarus, work with any counterparties from other countries, while being fully controlled by the parent foreign company.

However, a new organization needs to hire a director, an accountant, maintain its own separate tax accounting, as well as perform other related duties.

Another way in which a foreign company can work directly in Belarus is through a permanent establishment for tax purposes.

The peculiarity is that such activities are not subject to registration. At its core, the company is assigned the status of a representative office for tax purposes and an UNP for subsequent payment of taxes. One of the requirements for registration is to carry out activities on the territory of the Republic of Belarus for more than 180 days in 12 months.

You can learn more about the work of representative offices and registration of the company in the industry articles on our company’s website.

Due to the fact that the processes of obtaining the above-mentioned statuses are radically different, we advise you to seek professional legal advice on the choice of the type of activity in Belarus, as well as the preparation of all necessary documents. The cost of our legal services and the terms of work are determined separately in each case based on the documents studied and the goals that a foreign company needs to achieve.

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